1. Liquefied natural gas isn’t transported by pipeline.
2. B.C. First Nations support LNG.
3. Hydraulic fracturing is safe.
4. B.C.’s LNG facilities will be the cleanest in the world.
5. Natural gas is the world’s cleanest fossil fuel.
DYK? Liquefied natural gas isn’t transported by pipeline.
After extraction from the ground in northeast B.C., and some processing at the extraction site, raw natural gas will be transported to the coast for conversion into LNG. New pipeline infrastructure will support B.C.’s LNG opportunity by moving raw natural gas to the coast.
Once the raw natural gas has arrived at the coast, it will be converted to a liquid. This is done by chilling the gas to -160 degrees Celsius. As a liquid, natural gas condenses to approximately 1/600th of its normal volume, making it safe and economically efficient to transport overseas via marine vessels built specifically for LNG transport. LNG is not transported by pipeline – it leaves B.C.’s coast on these special LNG marine vessels.
- Pipelines are safe, essential infrastructure for raw natural gas transportation. The BC Oil and Gas Commission regulates more than 40,000 kilometres of pipelines in the province.
- Before pipelines are built, they are subject to an environmental review and assessment. As part of this process, engagement sessions are conducted with people, including First Nations, living in or near the area where development is proposed.
- As a liquid, natural gas can be safely transported by ship. LNG is non-toxic, odourless, non-corrosive and less dense than water. If it spills, LNG will warm, rise and dissipate. No residue is left on water or the surface.
DYK? B.C. First Nations support LNG.
Partnerships with First Nations are creating new economic opportunities. The Government of B.C. is reaching agreements with benefits – both immediate and long-term – that facilitate jobs and new prospects in multiple communities.
Access to skills training, good jobs, economic growth, and environmental stewardship projects are all part of the opportunity being created for First Nations as a result of B.C.’s work to diversify the natural gas sector.
- To date, 62 agreements with 29 First Nations have been reached for proposed natural gas pipeline projects in B.C.
- Working with First Nations, the provincial government established the Environmental Stewardship Initiative to create high-quality, accessible and trusted environmental information. The program will be long-term and will train First Nations so they can monitor and assess land activities linked to LNG – including natural gas pipelines – on their traditional territory.
- The provincial government launched an Aboriginal Skills Training Development Fund, and 1,000 Aboriginal people have already received community-based skills training.
DYK? Hydraulic fracturing is safe.
Hydraulic fracturing is a technological process used to extract natural gas from shale rocks. It’s safe and efficient, with strict regulations in place to ensure the environment is protected. Compliance and oversight are conducted by the BC Oil and Gas Commission.
British Columbia has taken a leading role in researching seismic activity linked to hydraulic fracturing. This research has found hydraulic fracturing near pre-existing faults is linked to a few small, detectable movements underground. Additional measures and oversight have been introduced in British Columbia to offset these events and maintain public safety.
- Hydraulic fracturing has existed in British Columbia since the 1950s.
- The website FracFocus.ca contains information on the process of hydraulic fracturing and how groundwater is protected. It also stores a public registry where companies upload data about their hydraulic fracturing operations. The website was launched by British Columbia on Jan. 1, 2012.
- Provincial regulators have tightened requirements to monitor, report and address seismic disturbances. There are 10 seismic monitoring stations in northeast B.C., as well as seven localized observation units capable of identifying events deep underground. This technology monitors for induced seismic events and provides reports to the BC Oil and Gas Commission.
DYK? B.C.’s LNG facilities will be the cleanest in the world.
The provincial government introduced the Greenhouse Gas Industrial Reporting & Control Act to ensure B.C. has the cleanest LNG facilities in the world. The centrepiece of the act is a greenhouse gas emissions intensity benchmark.
In consultation with industry, a realistic greenhouse gas emissions intensity benchmark for LNG facilities was set at 0.16 carbon dioxide equivalent tonnes for each tonne of LNG produced, making it the highest standard globally. This includes all facility greenhouse gas emissions – combustion, electricity generation, venting and fugitives – from the point when gas enters a facility to where it is loaded before shipment.
- Companies whose emissions exceed the cap can still meet the benchmark through flexible options – including purchasing offsets and contributing to a technology fund – that are most effective at meeting British Columbia’s climate goals while maintaining the industry’s competitiveness.
- Money from the new technology fund will go towards the development of clean technologies with significant potential to reduce B.C.’s emissions in the long term.
- The B.C. LNG industry will pay the same carbon tax as other industries in the province. At $30 per tonne, B.C.’s carbon tax is the highest in North America.
DYK? Natural gas is the world’s cleanest fossil fuel.
Natural gas is a fossil fuel. Like all fossil fuels, it generates carbon dioxide, also known as CO2, a type of greenhouse gas.
Natural gas is the cleanest burning of all fossil fuels and is a cleaner alternative to other energy sources like coal. Climate change is an issue with no global boundaries, and B.C. can help decrease global emissions by supplying international markets with new supplies of natural gas. Also, as a ‘transitional fuel,’ natural gas will play a major role in both energy and economic security for several more decades as renewable technologies and other energy alternatives evolve.
- When natural gas is burned (to produce energy), it emits approximately 26% less carbon dioxide than coal.
- China set a goal of almost doubling the role of natural gas in its energy portfolio and displacing coal use by 2020. Analysis shows that lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions from the production and consumption of B.C. LNG would be more than 20% lower than those from coal that is produced and consumed in China.
- Over a year, two trillion cubic feet of B.C.’s natural gas could replace more than 70 nuclear facilities, or approximately 100 coal plants.